What is a Pineapple?
A: The pineapple is a tropical plant with an edible fruit.
It is the most economically significant plant in what
The pineapple is indigenous to where?
A: South America.
How long has it been cultivated for in South America?
A: For many centuries.
The introduction of the pineapple to Europe in the 17th
century made it what?
A: A significant cultural icon of luxury.
Since the 1820s, pineapple has been commercially grown
A: Greenhouses and many tropical plantations.
Pineapples grow as a small shrub; the individual
flowers of the unpollinated plant fuse to form what?
A: a multiple fruit.
The plant is normally propagated from the offset
A: At the top of the fruit, or from a side shoot, and typically mature within a year.
The pineapple is a herbaceous perennial, which grows to
A: 1.0 to 1.5 m (3 ft 3 in to 4 ft 11 in), although sometimes it can be taller.
The plant has a short, stocky what?
A: Stem with tough, waxy leaves.
When creating its fruit, it usually produces up to how
A: 200, although some large-fruited cultivars can exceed this.
Once it flowers, the individual fruits of the flowers
A: Join together to create a multiple fruit.
After the first fruit is produced, side shoots (called
'suckers' by commercial growers) are produced where?
A: In the leaf axils of the main stem.
These suckers may be removed for what?
A: Propagation, or left to produce additional fruits on the original plant.
It has 30 or more narrow, fleshy, trough-shaped what?
A: Leaves that are 30 to 100 cm (1 to 3+1⁄2 ft) long.
In the first year of growth, the axis lengthens and
thickens, bearing numerous what?
A: Leaves in close spirals.
After 12 to 20 months, the stem grows into what?
A: A spike-like inflorescence up to 15 cm (6 in) long with over 100 spirally arranged, trimerous flowers, each subtended by a bract.
The ovaries develop into berries, which do what?
A: They coalesce into a large, compact, multiple fruit.
The fruit of a pineapple is usually arranged in two
A: Two interlocking helices, often with 8 in one direction and 13 in the other, each being a Fibonacci number.
In the wild, pineapples are pollinated primarily by
Certain wild pineapples are foraged and pollinated at
night by what?
Under cultivation, because seed development diminishes
fruit quality, pollination is performed how?
A: By hand, and seeds are retained only for breeding.
In Hawaii, where pineapples were cultivated and canned
industrially throughout the 20th century, importation of “what” was
The wild plant originates from where?
A: The Paraná–Paraguay River drainages between southern Brazil and Paraguay.
Archaeological evidence of use is found as far back as
A: 1200 - 800 BC. in Peru and 200BC - AD700 in Mexico.
Who cultivated it?
A: It was cultivated by the Mayas and the Aztecs.
By the late 1400s, cropped pineapple was widely
distributed and a staple food of whom?
A: Native Americans.
Who was the first European to encounter the pineapple?
A: It was Columbus, in Guadeloupe on 4 November 1493.