Where is San Diego located?
A: San Diego is a city on the Pacific Ocean coast of Southern California located immediately adjacent to the Mexico–United States border.
What was its population in 2020?
It is also the eighth most populous city where?
A: In the United States.
It is the seat of what county?
A: San Diego County, the fifth most populous county in the United States
San Diego County had how many residents as of 2019?
A: 3,338,330 (estimated).
What is the climate like?
A: The city is known for its mild year-round climate.
San Diego is the second largest city in the state of California after what city?
A: Los Angeles.
Historically home to the Kumeyaay people, San Diego is
frequently referred to as what?
A: The “Birthplace of California”, as it was the first site visited and settled by Europeans on what is now the U.S. west coast.
Upon landing in San Diego Bay in 1542, Juan Rodríguez
Cabrillo claimed the area for whom?
A: Spain, forming the basis for the settlement of Alta California 200 years later.
The Presidio and Mission San Diego de Alcalá, founded
in 1769, formed the first what?
A: European settlement in what is now California.
In 1821, San Diego became part of the newly declared
A: Mexican Empire, which reformed as the First Mexican Republic two years later.
California became part of the U.S. in 1848 following
A: The Mexican American War.
When was it admitted to the union as a state?
A: In 1850.
What are San Diego's main economic engines?
A: Military and defense-related activities, tourism, international trade, research, and manufacturing.
The city is the economic center of what?
A: The San Diego–Tijuana conurbation, the second most populous transborder metropolitan area in the Western Hemisphere (after Detroit–Windsor), home to an estimated 4,922,723 people as of 2012.
The primary border crossing between San Diego and
Tijuana, the San Ysidro Port of Entry, is what?
A: The busiest international land border crossing in the world outside of Asia (fourth-busiest overall).
The city's airport, San Diego International Airport, is
the busiest what?
A: Single-runway airport in the world.
The original inhabitants of the region are now known as
A: The San Dieguito and La Jolla people.
The Kumeyaay people migrated into the area of San Diego
A: 1000 CE.
The Kumeyaay people erected villages scattered across
the region, including the village of Cosoy (Kosa'aay) which was what?
A: The Kumeyaay village that the future settlement of San Diego would stem from in today's Old Town.
The village of Cosoy was made up of how many families?
A: Thirty to forty families living in pyramid-shaped housing structures and was supported by a freshwater spring from the hillsides.
Who is San Diego's namesake?
A: The 15th-century Spanish saint Didacus of Alcalá.
Who was the first European to visit the region?
A: Explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, sailing under the flag of Castile but possibly born in Portugal.
The permanent European colonization of both California
and San Diego began in 1769 with the arrival of what?
A: Four contingents of Spaniards from New Spain and the Baja California peninsula.
The 1846 Battle of San Pasqual was a decisive battle
A: American and Californio forces during the U.S. Conquest of California.
In 1846, the United States went to war against Mexico
and sent a naval and land expedition to conquer what?
A: Alta California.
The original town of San Diego was located at the foot
of Presidio Hill, in the area which is now what?
A: Old Town San Diego State Historic Park.