Polio Trivia Quiz Questions and Answers
What is Polio?
A: Poliomyelitis, often called polio or infantile paralysis, is an infectious disease caused by the polio virus.
Approximately what percentage of infections cause no
A: 90% to 95%.
Another 5 to 10% of people have minor symptoms such as
A: Fever, headache, vomiting, diarrhea, neck stiffness and pains in the arms and legs.
These people are usually back to normal within how long?
A: One or two weeks.
In about 0.5% of cases there is muscle weakness resulting
A: In an inability to move.
The muscle weakness can occur over a few hours to how long?
A: A few days.
The weakness most often involves the legs but may less
commonly involve the muscles of the what?
A: Head, neck and diaphragm.
Many but not all people what?
A: Fully recover.
In those with muscle weakness about 2% to 5% of children
and 15% to 30% of adults do what?
Years after recovery post-polio syndrome may occur, with a
A: A slow development of muscle weakness similar to what the person had during the initial infection.
How is Polio virus usually spread from person to person?
A: Through infected feces entering the mouth.
It may also be spread by
food or water containing what?
A: Human feces and less commonly from infected saliva.
Those who are infected may spread the disease even if no
symptoms are present for up to how long?
A: Six weeks.
The disease may be diagnosed by finding the virus in the
feces or detecting what?
A: Antibodies against it in the blood.
The disease is preventable with the polio vaccine; however,
a number of doses are required for it to what?
A: Be effective.
Who does the United States Center for Disease Control
recommend polio vaccination boosters for?
A: Travelers and those who live in countries where the disease is occurring.
Once infected there is no specific what?
In 2013 polio affected how many people down from 350,000
cases in 1988.?
Poliomyelitis has existed for how long?
A: Thousands of years, with depictions of the disease in ancient art.
The disease was first recognized as a distinct condition by
A: Michael Underwood in 1789.
The virus that causes polio was first identified in 1908 by
A: Karl Landsteiner.
Where did major outbreaks start to occur in the late 19th
A: In Europe and the United States.
When was the first polio vaccine developed?
A: In the 1950s by Jonas Salk.
It is hoped that vaccination efforts and early detection of
cases will result in global eradication of the disease by when?
The virus enters the central nervous system in about what
percentage of infections?
Encephalitis, an infection of the
brain tissue itself, can
occur in rare cases, and is usually restricted to what?
What do people who are exposed to the virus, either through
infection or by immunization with polio vaccine, develop?