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Polio Trivia Quiz Questions and Answers

Polio virus trivia questions with answers.

 

Polio Trivia Quiz Questions and Answers

What is Polio?
A: Poliomyelitis, often called polio or infantile paralysis, is an infectious disease caused by the polio virus.

Approximately what percentage of infections cause no symptoms?
A: 90% to 95%.

Another 5 to 10% of people have minor symptoms such as what?
A: Fever, headache, vomiting, diarrhea, neck stiffness and pains in the arms and legs.

These people are usually back to normal within how long?
A: One or two weeks.

In about 0.5% of cases there is muscle weakness resulting what?
A: In an inability to move.

The muscle weakness can occur over a few hours to how long?
A: A few days.

The weakness most often involves the legs but may less commonly involve the muscles of the what?
A: Head, neck and diaphragm.

 

Many but not all people what?
A: Fully recover.

In those with muscle weakness about 2% to 5% of children and 15% to 30% of adults do what?
A: Die.

Years after recovery post-polio syndrome may occur, with a what?
A: A slow development of muscle weakness similar to what the person had during the initial infection.

How is Polio virus usually spread from person to person?
A: Through infected feces entering the mouth.

It may also be spread by food or water containing what?
A: Human feces and less commonly from infected saliva.

Those who are infected may spread the disease even if no symptoms are present for up to how long?
A: Six weeks.

The disease may be diagnosed by finding the virus in the feces or detecting what?
A: Antibodies against it in the blood.

 

The disease is preventable with the polio vaccine; however, a number of doses are required for it to what?
A: Be effective.

Who does the United States Center for Disease Control recommend polio vaccination boosters for?
A: Travelers and those who live in countries where the disease is occurring.

Once infected there is no specific what?
A: Treatment.

In 2013 polio affected how many people down from 350,000 cases in 1988.?
A: 416.

In 2014 the diseases was only spreading between people in what countries?
A: Afghanistan, Nigeria, and Pakistan.

Poliomyelitis has existed for how long?
A: Thousands of years, with depictions of the disease in ancient art.

The disease was first recognized as a distinct condition by whom?
A: Michael Underwood in 1789.

 

The virus that causes polio was first identified in 1908 by whom?
A: Karl Landsteiner.

Where did major outbreaks start to occur in the late 19th century?
A: In Europe and the United States.

When was the first polio vaccine developed?
A: In the 1950s by Jonas Salk.

It is hoped that vaccination efforts and early detection of cases will result in global eradication of the disease by when?
A: 2018.

The virus enters the central nervous system in about what percentage of infections?
A: 1%.

Encephalitis, an infection of the brain tissue itself, can occur in rare cases, and is usually restricted to what?
A: Infants.

What do people who are exposed to the virus, either through infection or by immunization with polio vaccine, develop?
A: Immunity.