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Whale Trivia Quiz Questions and Answers

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Whale Trivia Quiz Questions and Answers

Whale is the common name for various marine mammals of what order?
A: Cetacea.

The term whale sometimes refers to all cetaceans, but more often it excludes what?
A: Dolphins and porpoises

Dolphins and Porpoises belong to the suborder Odontoceti (toothed whales) which includes what other whales?
A: The sperm whale, killer whale, pilot whale, and beluga whale.

All cetaceans, including whales, dolphins, and porpoises, are descendants of what?
A: Land-dwelling mammals of the artiodactyl order (even-toed ungulates).

These primitive cetaceans first took to the sea approximately how long ago?
A: 50 million years.

They became what by 5–10 million years later?
A: Fully aquatic.

As with all mammals, whales breathe what?
A: Air.


Whales are warm-blooded, and nurse their young with milk from where?
A: Mammary glands.

Whales also have body what?
A: Hair.

Beneath the skin lies a layer of fat called what?
A: Blubber.

What is blubber for?
A: It stores energy and insulates the body.

Whales have a spinal column, a vestigial pelvic bone, and a four-chambered what?
A: Heart.

Whales breathe via what?
A: Blowholes.

Baleen whales have two blowholes and toothed whales have how many?
A: One.


These are located on the top of the head, allowing the animal to remain almost completely what while breathing?
A: Submerged.

Toothed whales, such as the sperm whale, possess teeth with what type of cells overlying dentine cells?
A: Cementum.

Instead of teeth, what do baleen whales have?
A: A row of baleen plates on the upper side of their jaws that resemble the teeth of a comb.

The whale ear has specific adaptations to the what?
A: Marine environment.

Whales receive sound through the throat, from which it passes through a low-impedance fat-filled cavity to where?
A: To the inner ear.

The whale ear is acoustically isolated from the skull by air-filled sinus pockets, which allow for what?
A: Greater directional hearing underwater.

Males are called 'bulls', females, 'cows' and all newborns are called what?
A:  Calves.


Most species do not maintain fixed what?
A: Reproductive partnerships.

Females have several what each season?
A: Mates.

How many calves does the female usually deliver?
A: A single calf, which is birthed tail-first to minimize the risk of drowning.

How do whale cows nurse?
A: By squirting milk into the mouths of their young.

This milk is so rich in fat that it has the consistency of what?
A: Toothpaste.

In many species, nursing continues for how long?
A: More than a year and is associated with a strong bond between mother and calf.

Reproductive maturity typically occurs at how many years after birth?
A: Seven to ten years.


Whales are known to teach, learn, cooperate, scheme, and even what?
A: Grieve.

Unlike most animals, whales are conscious what?
A: Breathers.

All mammals sleep, but whales cannot afford to become unconscious for long because of what?
A: They may drown.

While knowledge of sleep in wild cetaceans is limited, toothed cetaceans in captivity have been recorded to sleep with one side of their what at a time?
A: Brain.

Many whales exhibit behaviors that expose large parts of their bodies to the air, such as what?
A: Breaching and tail slapping.

Sounding is a term used for whales doing what?
A: Diving.

R.M. Nowak of Johns Hopkins University estimated that humpback whales may live as long as how many years?
A: 77.


Some species, such as the humpback whale, communicate using what?
A: Melodic sounds, known as whale song.

Captive whales occasionally have been known to mimic what?
A: Human speech.

Whales are major consumers of what?
A: Fish and oceanic invertebrates.

Whales act as reservoirs of nutrients, such as  what?
A: Iron and nitrogen.

Whale detritus provides energy and habitat for what?
A: Deep sea organisms.

Toothed whales eat what?
A: Fish and squid, which they hunt by the use of echolocation.

Killer whales sometimes eat other marine mammals, including what?
A: Whales.


Baleen whales, such as humpbacks and blues, mainly eat what?
A: Krill when feeding in the higher latitudes (such as the Southern Ocean).

Whales defecate at the oceans surface and this excrement is important for what?
A: Fisheries because it is rich in iron and nitrogen.

The whale feces are liquid and instead of sinking, they stay at the surface where what feed off it?
A: Phytoplankton.

Upon death, whale carcasses fall to the deep ocean and provide a substantial habitat for what?
A: Marine creatures.

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