Whale Trivia Quiz Questions and Answers
Whale is the common name for various marine mammals of what
The term whale sometimes refers to all cetaceans, but more
often it excludes what?
A: Dolphins and porpoises
Dolphins and Porpoises belong to the suborder Odontoceti
(toothed whales) which includes what other whales?
A: The sperm whale, killer whale, pilot whale, and beluga whale.
All cetaceans, including whales, dolphins, and porpoises,
are descendants of what?
A: Land-dwelling mammals of the artiodactyl order (even-toed ungulates).
These primitive cetaceans first took to the sea
approximately how long ago?
A: 50 million years.
They became what by 5–10 million years later?
A: Fully aquatic.
As with all mammals, whales breathe what?
Whales are warm-blooded, and nurse their young with milk
A: Mammary glands.
Whales also have body what?
Beneath the skin lies a layer of fat called what?
What is blubber for?
A: It stores energy and insulates the body.
Whales have a spinal column, a vestigial pelvic bone, and
a four-chambered what?
Whales breathe via what?
Baleen whales have two blowholes and toothed whales have
These are located on the top of the head, allowing the
animal to remain almost completely what while breathing?
Toothed whales, such as the sperm whale, possess teeth with
what type of cells overlying dentine cells?
Instead of teeth, what do baleen whales have?
A: A row of baleen plates on the upper side of their jaws that resemble the
teeth of a comb.
The whale ear has specific adaptations to the what?
A: Marine environment.
Whales receive sound through the throat, from which it
passes through a low-impedance fat-filled cavity to where?
A: To the inner ear.
The whale ear is acoustically isolated from the skull by
air-filled sinus pockets, which allow for what?
A: Greater directional hearing underwater.
Males are called 'bulls', females, 'cows' and all newborns
are called what?
Most species do not maintain fixed what?
A: Reproductive partnerships.
Females have several what each season?
How many calves does the female usually deliver?
A: A single calf, which is birthed tail-first to minimize the risk of drowning.
How do whale cows nurse?
A: By squirting milk into the mouths of their young.
This milk is so rich in fat that it has the consistency of
In many species, nursing continues for how long?
A: More than a year and is associated with a strong bond between mother and
Reproductive maturity typically occurs at how many years
A: Seven to ten years.
Whales are known to teach, learn, cooperate, scheme, and
Unlike most animals, whales are conscious what?
All mammals sleep, but whales cannot afford to become
unconscious for long because of what?
A: They may drown.
While knowledge of sleep in wild cetaceans is limited,
toothed cetaceans in captivity have been recorded to sleep with one side of
their what at a time?
Many whales exhibit behaviors that expose large parts of
their bodies to the air, such as what?
A: Breaching and tail slapping.
Sounding is a term used for whales doing what?
R.M. Nowak of Johns Hopkins University estimated that
humpback whales may live as long as how many years?
Some species, such as the humpback whale, communicate using
A: Melodic sounds, known as whale song.
Captive whales occasionally have been known to mimic what?
A: Human speech.
Whales are major consumers of what?
A: Fish and oceanic invertebrates.
Whales act as reservoirs of nutrients, such as what?
A: Iron and nitrogen.
Whale detritus provides energy and habitat for what?
A: Deep sea organisms.
Toothed whales eat what?
A: Fish and squid, which they hunt by the use of echolocation.
Killer whales sometimes eat other marine mammals, including
Baleen whales, such as humpbacks and blues, mainly eat
A: Krill when feeding in the higher latitudes (such as the Southern Ocean).
Whales defecate at the
oceans surface and this excrement is
important for what?
A: Fisheries because it is rich in iron and nitrogen.
The whale feces are liquid and instead of sinking, they
stay at the surface where what feed off it?
Upon death, whale carcasses fall to the deep ocean and
provide a substantial habitat for what?
A: Marine creatures.