Butterfly Trivia Quiz Questions and Answers
Butterfly trivia quiz questions with answers about butterflies.
Butterfly Trivia Quiz Questions and Answers
What are butterflies?
A: Butterflies are insects in the macrolepidopteran clade Rhopalocera from the order Lepidoptera, which also includes moths.
Adult butterflies have large, often brightly colored what?
A: Wings, and conspicuous, fluttering flight.
Butterfly fossils date to the Paleocene, which was about how long ago?
A: 56 million years.
Butterflies have the typical four-stage what?
A: Insect life cycle.
Winged adults lay eggs on the what?
A: Food plant on which their larvae, known as
caterpillars, will feed.
The caterpillars grow, sometimes very rapidly, and when fully developed, what do they do?
A: Pupate in a chrysalis.
When metamorphosis is complete, the pupal skin splits, the adult insect climbs out, and then what?
A: After its wings have expanded and dried, it flies off.
Some butterflies, especially in the tropics, have several generations in a year, while others have a single generation, and a few in cold locations, it may take how long to pass through their entire life cycle?
A: Several years.
Butterflies are often polymorphic, and many species make use of what?
A: Camouflage, mimicry and aposematism to evade their predators.
Some, like the monarch and the painted lady, do what?
A: Migrate over long distances.
Many butterflies are attacked by what?
A: Parasites or parasitoids.
Some species are pests because in their larval stages they can do what?
A: Damage domestic crops or trees; other species are agents of pollination of some plants.
What is the oldest American butterfly?
A: The Late Eocene Prodryas persephone from the Florissant Fossil Beds, approximately 34 million years old.
Butterfly adults are characterized by their what?
A: Four scale-covered wings.
These scales give butterfly wings their what?
Many of the blues, greens, reds and iridescent colors are created by what?
A: Structural coloration produced by the micro-structures of the scales and hairs.
As in all insects, the body is divided into what three sections?
A: The head, thorax, and abdomen.
The thorax is composed of three segments, each with a what?
A: Pair of legs.
In most families of butterfly the antennae are what?
The long proboscis can be coiled when not being what?
A: Used for sipping nectar from flowers
Nearly all butterflies are diurnal, have relatively bright colors, and hold their wings how?
A: They hold their wings vertically above their bodies when at rest.
Butterfly larvae, caterpillars, have a hard head with strong mandibles used for what?
A: Cutting their food, most often leaves.
Many are well camouflaged; others are aposematic with bright colors and bristly projections containing what?
A: Toxic chemicals obtained from their food plants.
The pupa or chrysalis, unlike that of moths, is not what?
A: Wrapped in a cocoon.
Many butterflies are sexually what?
Butterflies are distributed worldwide except where?
How many species of butterflies are there?
A: 18,500 species.
The monarch butterfly is native to the Americas, but in the nineteenth century or before, it did what?
A: Spread across the world, and is now found in
, other parts of Oceania, and the Iberian Peninsula.
Many butterflies, such as the painted lady, monarch, and several danaine do what?
A: Migrate for long distances.
These migrations take place over a number of generations and no single individual does what?
A: Completes the whole trip.
The eastern North American
population of monarchs can travel thousands of miles south-west to where?
A: Overwintering sites in Mexico
There is a “what”, in the spring
A: Reverse migration.
It has recently been shown that the British painted lady undertakes a 9,000-mile round trip in a series of steps by up to how many generations?
A: Six successive generations.
The migration is from tropical Africa to where?
A: The Arctic Circle — almost double the length of the famous migrations undertaken by monarch.
Spectacular large-scale migrations associated with the monsoon are seen where?
A: In peninsular India.
Migrations have been studied in more recent times using what?
A: Wing tags and also using stable hydrogen
Butterflies navigate using a what?
A: A time-compensated sun
They can see polarized light and therefore what?
A: Orient even in cloudy conditions.
The polarized light near the ultraviolet spectrum appears to be what?
A: Particularly important.
Many migratory butterflies live in semi-arid areas where breeding seasons are what?
The life histories of their host plants also influence what?
A: Butterfly behavior.
Butterflies in their adult stage can live from a week to nearly how long depending on the species?
A: A year.
Many species have long larval life stages while others can remain what?
A: Dormant in their pupal or egg stages and thereby survive
The Melissa Arctic overwinters twice as a what?
Courtship is often aerial and often involves what?
Butterflies then land where to mate?
A: On the ground or on a perch.
Copulation takes place tail-to-tail and may last how long?
A: From minutes to hours.