What is coffee?
A: Coffee is a brewed drink prepared from roasted coffee beans, the seeds of berries from certain flowering plants in the Coffea genus.
Coffee is darkly colored, bitter, slightly acidic and
has a stimulating effect in humans, primarily due to what?
A: Its caffeine content.
Why are sugar, sugar substitutes,
milk or cream are
A: To lessen the bitter taste or enhance the flavor.
A commercial establishment that sells prepared coffee
beverages is known as a what?
A: Coffeehouse or coffee shop (not to be confused with Dutch coffeeshops selling cannabis).
What are the two most commonly grown coffee bean types?
A: C. arabica and C. robusta.
Coffee plants are cultivated in how many countries?
A: Over 70.
It is one of the most valuable commodities exported by
A: Developing countries.
Green, unroasted coffee is the most traded agricultural
commodity and one of the most traded commodities overall, second only to
Despite the sales of coffee reaching billions of
dollars, those producing the beans are what?
A: Disproportionately living in poverty.
The term coffee pot dates from when?
The expression “coffee break” was first used in what
The earliest credible evidence of coffee-drinking or
knowledge of the coffee tree appears when?
A: In the middle of the 15th century in the accounts of Ahmed al-Ghaffar in Yemen.
It was here in Arabia that coffee seeds were first
A: Roasted and brewed in a similar way to how it is prepared now.
Coffee was used by Sufi circles to stay awake for what?
A: Their religious rituals.
Coffee became more widely accepted after it was deemed
a Christian beverage by whom?
A: Pope Clement VIII in 1600, despite appeals to ban the "Muslim drink".
When did the first European coffee house open in Rome?
A: In 1645.
Who was the first to import coffee on a large scale?
A: The Dutch East India Company.
During the 18th century, coffee consumption declined in
England, giving way to what?
During the Age of Sail, seamen aboard ships of the
British Royal Navy made substitute coffee by doing what?
A: Dissolving burnt bread in hot water.
Coffee has become a vital cash crop for whom?
A: For many developing countries.
Over one hundred million people in developing countries
have become dependent on coffee as their what?
A: Their primary source of income.
Coffee plants grow within a defined area between what?
A: The tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, termed the bean belt or coffee belt.
Robusta coffee tends to be bitter and have less flavor
but better body than what?
Robusta strains also contain about 40–50% more what
Consequently, this species is used as an inexpensive
substitute for arabica in many what?
A: Commercial coffee blends.
Good quality robusta beans are used in traditional
Italian espresso blends to provide what?
A: A full-bodied taste and a better foam head (known as crema).
On average it takes about how much water to grow the
coffee beans needed to produce one cup of coffee?
A: 140 liters (37 U.S. gal).
Used coffee grounds may be used for what?
A: Composting or as a mulch.
They are especially appreciated by what?
A: Worms and acid-loving plants such as blueberries.