What is Libya?
A: Libya is a country in the Maghreb region in North Africa.
It is bordered by what to the north?
A: The Mediterranean Sea.
Libya is made of what three historical regions?
A: Tripolitania, Fezzan, and Cyrenaica.
What is the area of Libya?
A: Almost 700,000 square miles (1.8 million km2), it is the fourth-largest country in Africa and the Arab world, and the 16th-largest in the world.
Libya has the 10th-largest what?
A: Proven oil reserves in the world.
What is the largest city and capital?
Where is it located?
A: In western Libya and contains over three million of Libya's seven million people.
Libya has been inhabited by whom since the late Bronze
In ancient times, the Phoenicians established
city-states and trading posts in what?
A: In western Libya, while more recently the Ottoman Empire controlled the northern coastline of Libya.
Parts of Libya were variously ruled by whom?
A: Carthaginians, Persians, Egyptians, and Macedonians before the entire region becoming a part of the Roman Empire.
Libya was an early center of what?
After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the area of
Libya was mostly occupied by whom?
A: The Vandals until the 7th century when invasions brought Islam to the region.
In the 16th century, the Spanish Empire and the Knights
of St John occupied Tripoli until when?
A: Until Ottoman rule began in 1551.
Libya was involved in what wars of the 18th and 19th
A: The Barbary Wars.
Ottoman rule continued until when?
A: Until the Italo-Turkish War, which resulted in the Italian occupation of Libya.
It also resulted in the establishment of what two
A: Italian Tripolitania and Italian Cyrenaica (1911–1934), later unified in the Italian Libya colony from 1934 to 1943.
During the Second World War, Libya was an area of
warfare in what?
A: The North African Campaign.
In what year did Libya become independent as a kingdom?
A: In 1951.
A bloodless military coup in 1969, initiated by a
coalition led by whom, overthrew King Idris I and created a republic?
A: Colonel Muammar Gaddafi.
Gaddafi was often described by critics as a what?
A: A dictator and was one of the world's longest serving non-royal leaders, ruling for 42 years.
He ruled until being overthrown and killed in what?
A: The 2011 Libyan Civil War during the wider Arab Spring.
By 2014 two rival authorities claimed to govern Libya,
which led to what?
A: A second civil war, with parts of Libya split between the Tobruk and Tripoli-based governments as well as various tribal and Islamist militias.
The two main warring sides signed a permanent ceasefire
in 2020, and a unity government took authority to plan for what?
A: Democratic elections, however political rivalries continue to delay this.
The coastal plain of Libya was inhabited by Neolithic
peoples from as early as what?
A: 8000 BC.
The Afroasiatic ancestors of the Berber people are
assumed to have spread into the area by when?
A: The Late Bronze Age.
The Phoenicians were the first to establish “what” in
A: Trading posts.
In 630 BC, the ancient Greeks colonized the area around
Barca in Eastern Libya and founded what city?
A: The city of Cyrene.
Within 200 years, four more important Greek cities were
established in the area that became known as what?
Alexander the Great was greeted by the Greeks when he
entered Cyrenaica in 331 BC, and Eastern Libya again fell under the control
A: The Greeks, this time as part of the Ptolemaic Kingdom.