What is a canoe?
A: A canoe is a lightweight narrow water vessel, typically pointed at both ends and open on top.
How is it propelled?
A: By one or more seated or kneeling paddlers facing the direction of travel and using a single-bladed paddle.
In British English, the term canoe can also refer to
A: A kayak, while canoes are called Canadian or open canoes to distinguish them from kayaks.
Canoes were developed by whom?
A: Cultures all over the world, including some designed for use with sails or outriggers.
Until the mid-19th century, the canoe was an important
means of transport for what?
A: Exploration and trade, and in some places is still used as such, sometimes with the addition of an outboard motor.
Where the canoe played a key role in history, such as
the Northern United States, Canada, and
New Zealand, it remains what?
A: An important theme in popular culture.
Canoes are now widely used for what?
A: Competition and pleasure, such as racing, whitewater, touring and camping, freestyle and general recreation.
Canoeing has been part of the Olympics since when?
The intended use of the canoe dictates it’s what?
A: Hull shape, length, and construction material.
Historically, canoes were dugouts or made of bark on a
wood frame, but construction materials evolved to what?
A: Canvas on a wood frame, then to aluminum.
Most modern canoes are made of what?
A: Molded plastic or composites such as fiberglass or those incorporating kevlar, or graphite.
The word canoe came into English from what?
A: The Spanish/Portuguese word canoa.
They in turn had adopted the word from what?
A: The Arawakan languages of the Caribbean for a dugout canoe, kanawa.
Many peoples made dugout canoes, by carving out what?
A: A single piece of wood; either a whole trunk, or a slab of trunk from particularly large trees.
Constructed between 8200 and 7600 BC, and found in the
Netherlands, the Pesse canoe may be what?
A: The oldest known canoe.
Excavations in Denmark reveal the use of dugouts and
paddles during what period?
A: The Ertebølle period, (c. 5300–3950 BC).
One of the oldest canoes in the world is the Dufuna
canoe found where?
A: In Nigeria.
It is the oldest boat to be discovered in Africa, and
the third oldest known where?
Where is the Dufuna canoe currently located?
A: In Damaturu, the Yobe State capital.
Canoes have also played a vital role in the
colonization of the Pre-Columbian Caribbean as they represented the only
possibility of what?
A: Reaching the Caribbean Islands from mainland South America.
Around 3500 BC ancient Amerindian groups colonized the
first Caribbean Islands using what?
A: Single-hulled canoes.
Some archaeologists doubt that oceanic transportation
would have been possible without the use of what?
A: sails, as winds and currents would have carried the canoes off course.
No historical sources mention Caribbean canoes with
Native American groups of the north Pacific coast made
dugout canoes in a number of styles for different purposes from what?
A: Western red-cedar or yellow-cedar depending on availability.
Different styles were required for ocean-going vessels
A: River boats, and for whale-hunting versus seal-hunting versus salmon-fishing.
The Kootenai of British Columbia province made
sturgeon-nosed canoes from pine bark, designed to be stable in what?
A: Windy conditions on Kootenay Lake.
Australian Aboriginal people made canoes from what?
A: Hollowed out tree trunks, as well as from tree bark.