Who is Charles, Prince of Wales?
A: Charles, Prince of Wales is the heir apparent to the British throne as the eldest child of
Queen Elizabeth II.
When was Prince Charles born?
A: On 14 November 1948 at 9:14 pm (GMT).
Where was he born?
A: At Buckingham Palace in London.
He was the first child of whom?
A: Princess Elizabeth, Duchess of Edinburgh, and Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, and first grandchild of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth.
Where did Charles attend school?
A: Hill House School in west London.
He did not receive preferential treatment from the school's founder and then-head, Stuart Townend, who advised the Queen to what?
A: Have Charles train in football because the boys were never deferential to anyone on the football field.
Charles then attended what two of his father's former schools?
A: Cheam Preparatory School in Berkshire, England, followed by Gordonstoun in the north-east of Scotland.
Upon his return to Gordonstoun, Charles emulated his father in becoming what?
A: Head Boy.
He left in 1967, with what?
A: Six GCE O-levels and two A-levels in history and French, at grades B and C respectively.
On his early education, Charles later remarked what?
A: "I didn't enjoy school as much as I might have, but that was only because I'm happier at home than anywhere else."
Charles broke royal tradition a second time when he proceeded straight what?
A: To university after his A-levels, rather than joining the British Armed Forces.
In October 1967, where was he was admitted?
A: To Trinity College, Cambridge, where he read anthropology, archaeology, and history.
During his second year, Charles attended what?
A: The University College of Wales in Aberystwyth.
What did he study?
A: Welsh history and language for a term.
He graduated from Cambridge with a 2:2 Bachelor of Arts on 23 June 1970, the first heir apparent to do what?
A: Earn a university degree.
On 2 August 1975, he was awarded what?
A: A Master of Arts degree from Cambridge, in accordance with the university's practice.
Charles was created Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester on 26 July
1958, though his investiture was not held until when?
A: 1 July 1969, when he was crowned by his mother in a televised ceremony held at Caernarfon Castle.
He took his seat in the House of Lords in 1970, and he made his maiden speech at a debate in June 1974, becoming the first royal to do what?
A: Speak in the Lords since his great-great-grandfather, later Edward VII, also speaking as Prince of Wales, in 1884.
Charles began to take on more public duties, doing what?
A: Founding The Prince's Trust in 1976, and travelling to the United States in 1981.
In the mid-1970s, the prince expressed an interest in doing what?
A: Serving as Governor-General of Australia, at the suggestion of Australian prime minister Malcolm Fraser, but because of a lack of public enthusiasm nothing came of the proposal.
Charles is the longest serving what?
A: Prince of Wales, having surpassed the record held by Edward VII on 9 September 2017.
He is the oldest and longest-serving British heir apparent, the longest-serving Duke of Cornwall, and the longest-serving Duke of what?
A: Duke of Rothesay.
If he became monarch at present he would be the oldest person to do so; who is the record holder?
A: William IV, who was 64 when he became king in 1830.
Charles followed family tradition when he served in what?
A: The Royal Air Force and Royal Navy.
During his second year at Cambridge, he requested and received what?
A: Royal Air Force training.
On 8 March 1971, he flew himself to where?
A: The Royal Air Force College Cranwell to train as a jet pilot.
After the passing-out parade that September, he embarked on a naval career and enrolled in what?
A: A six-week course at the Royal Naval College Dartmouth.
He then served on what?
A: The guided missile destroyer HMS Norfolk (1971–1972) and the frigates HMS Minerva (1972–1973) and HMS Jupiter (1974).
In 1974, he qualified as a what?
A: A helicopter pilot at RNAS Yeovilton, and then joined 845 Naval Air Squadron, operating from HMS Hermes.
On 9 February 1976, he took command of the what?
A: The coastal mine hunter HMS Bronington for his last ten months of active service in the navy.
He learned to fly on what?
A: A Chipmunk basic pilot trainer, a BAC Jet Provost jet trainer, and a Beagle Basset multi-engine trainer.
He gave up flying after crashing what?
A: The BAe 146 in the Hebrides in 1994.
When did Charles first met
Lady Diana Spencer?
A: In 1977 while he was visiting her home, Althorp.
He was the companion of whom?
A: Her elder sister, Sarah, and did not consider Diana romantically until mid-1980.
While they were sitting together on a bale of hay at a friend's
barbecue in July, he mentioned what?
A: Mountbatten's death.
Diana replied that Charles had looked how, during his uncle's funeral?
A: Forlorn and in need of care.
Soon, according to Charles's chosen biographer, Jonathan Dimbleby, "without any apparent surge in feeling, he began to what?
A: Think seriously of her as a potential bride".
Charles's cousin Norton Knatchbull and his wife told Charles what?
A: That Diana appeared awestruck by his position and that he did not seem to be in
love with her.
Meanwhile, the couple's continuing courtship attracted what?
A: Intense attention from the press and paparazzi.
When did Prince Charles propose to Diana?
A: In February 1981.
She accepted and they married in St Paul's Cathedral on what date?
A: 29 July of that year.
Upon his marriage, Charles reduced his voluntary tax contribution from the profits generated by the Duchy of Cornwall from 50% to what?
Where did the couple live?
A: At Kensington Palace and at Highgrove House, near Tetbury.
How many children did they have?
A: Two, Princes William and
Charles set a precedent by being the first royal
father to be what?
A: Present at his children's births.
Within five years, the marriage was in trouble due to what?
A: The couple's incompatibility and near thirteen-year age difference.
Diana's concern about Charles's previous girlfriend, Camilla Shand was also what?
A: Visible and damaging to their marriage.
In December 1992, British Prime Minister John Major announced what?
A: The couple's formal separation in Parliament.