When was New Orleans founded?
Who founded it?
A: Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville
Who was it named for?
A: Philippe II, Duke of Orléans.
What is its elevation?
A: −6.5 to 20 ft (−2 to 6 m)
What is its primary airport?
A: Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport
New Orleans is a consolidated city-parish located along
what river in the southeastern region of the U.S. state of
With a population of 383,997 according to the 2020 U.S.
census, it is the most populous city where?
A: In Louisiana and the twelfth-most populous city in the Southeastern United States.
Serving as a major port, New Orleans is considered an
economic and commercial hub for what?
A: For the broader Gulf Coast region of the United States.
New Orleans is world-renowned for its what?
A: Its distinctive music, Creole cuisine, unique dialects, and its annual celebrations and festivals, most notably Mardi Gras.
What is the historic heart of the city?
A: The French Quarter, known for its French and Spanish Creole architecture and vibrant nightlife along Bourbon Street.
The city has been described as what?
A: The "most unique" in the United States, owing in large part to its cross-cultural and multilingual heritage.
Founded in 1718 by French colonists, New Orleans was
once the territorial capital of what before becoming part of the United
States in the Louisiana Purchase of 1803?
A: French Louisiana.
The city has historically been very vulnerable to what?
A: Flooding, due to its high rainfall, low lying elevation, poor natural drainage, and proximity to multiple bodies of water.
State and federal authorities have installed a complex
system of what to protect the city?
A: Levees and drainage pumps.
New Orleans was severely affected by Hurricane Katrina
in August 2005, which flooded how much of the city?
A: More than 80%.
Following its defeat in the Seven Years' War and the Treaty of Paris, which was signed in 1763, France gave possession of Louisiana to who?
The Spanish renamed the city to what?
A: Nueva Orleans which it used until 1800.
When the United States acquired possession from France
in 1803, the French name was what?
A: Adopted and anglicized to become the modern name, which is still in use today.
During the American Revolutionary War, New Orleans was
an important port for what?
A: Smuggling aid to the American revolutionaries, and transporting military equipment and supplies up the Mississippi River.
Beginning in the 1760s who began to settle in and
around New Orleans?
By 1724, the large number of blacks in Louisiana
prompted the institutionalizing of what?
A: Laws governing slavery within the colony.
These laws required that slaves be what?
A: Baptized in the Roman Catholic faith, slaves be married in the church, and gave slaves no legal rights.
Creole cottages and townhouses, notable for their large
courtyards and intricate iron balconies, line what?
A: The streets of the French Quarter.
St. Charles Avenue is famed for its what?
A: Large antebellum homes.
New Orleans is also noted for its large, European style
A: Catholic cemeteries.