Phoenix is the capital and most populous city of what
It is the fifth-most populous city in what?
A: The United States.
Phoenix is the anchor of the Phoenix metropolitan area,
also known as what?
A: The Valley of the Sun, which in turn is part of the Salt River Valley.
The metropolitan area is the 11th largest by population
in the United States, with approximately how many people?
A: 4.85 million people as of 2020.
Phoenix is the seat of what county?
It has the largest area of all cities in Arizona, with
an area of what size?
A: 517.9 square miles (1,341 km2) and is also the 11th largest city by area in the United States.
It is the largest metropolitan area, both by
population and size, of what?
A: The Arizona Sun Corridor megaregion.
Phoenix was settled in 1867 as an agricultural
community near the confluence of what two rivers?
A: The Salt and Gila Rivers.
When was it incorporated as a city?
A: In 1881.
It became the capital of Arizona Territory in what
It is in the northeastern reaches of what?
A: The Sonoran Desert and has a hot desert climate.
Despite this, its canal system led to what?
A: A thriving farming community with the original settlers' crops remaining important parts of the Phoenix economy for decades, such as alfalfa, cotton, citrus, and hay.
Cotton, cattle, citrus, climate, and copper were known
locally as what?
A: The "Five C's" anchoring Phoenix's economy.
These remained the driving forces of the city until
A: Until after World War II, when high-tech companies began to move into the valley and air conditioning made Phoenix's hot summers more bearable.
The city averaged a four percent annual population
growth rate over what 40-year period?
A: From the mid-1960s to the mid-2000s.
This growth rate slowed during what?
A: The Great Recession of 2007–09 and has rebounded slowly.
Phoenix is also majority minority, with 42.6% of its
population identifying as Hispanic and what, as "white" in the 2020 census?
The Hohokam people occupied the Phoenix area for how
A: 2,000 years.
They created roughly 135 miles (217 kilometers) of
A: Irrigation canals, making the desert land arable.,
Paths of these canals were used for what?
A: The Arizona Canal, Central Arizona Project Canal, and the Hayden-Rhodes Aqueduct.
It is believed periods of drought and severe floods
between 1300 and 1450 led to what?
A: The Hohokam civilization's abandonment of the area.