Lithium the Element Trivia Quiz Questions and Answers
What is lithium?
A: Lithium is a chemical element with symbol Li and atomic number 3.
What is the atomic number of lithium?
What is the standard atomic weight of lithium?
What is the melting point for lithium?
A: 453.65 K (180.50 °C, 356.90 °F)
What is lithium's Boiling point?
A: 1603 K (1330 °C, 2426 °F)
It is a soft, silver-white metal belonging to what group of
A: The alkali metal group.
Under standard conditions it is the lightest metal and the
least dense solid what?
A: Element. L
Lithium is highly reactive and what?
Lithium is typically stored in what?
A: Mineral oil.
When cut open, it exhibits a metallic luster, but contact
with moist air does what?
A: Corrodes the surface quickly to a dull silvery gray, then black tarnish.
Because of its high reactivity, lithium never occurs freely
A: Nature, and instead, only appears in compounds, which are usually ionic.
Lithium occurs in a number of what?
A: Pegmatitic minerals.
Due to lithium's solubility as an ion, it is present in
ocean water and is commonly obtained from what?
A: Brines and clays.
On a commercial scale, lithium is isolated electrolytically
from a mixture of what?
A: Lithium chloride and potassium chloride.
Lithium is a good conductor of heat and what?
Lithium metal is soft enough to be cut with a what?
A: A knife.
Lithium has one of the lowest melting points among all
A: Metals (180 °C).
Lithium has the highest melting and boiling points of the
A: Alkali metals.
Lithium has a very low density of 0.534 g/cm3, comparable
with that of what?
A: Pine wood.
It is the least dense of all elements that are what?
A: Solids at room temperature.
Lithium can float on the lightest what?
A: Hydrocarbon oils.
It is one of only three metals that can float on what?
A: Water, the other two being sodium and potassium.
Lithium's coefficient of thermal expansion is twice that of
A: Aluminum and almost four times that of iron.
Lithium has the highest specific heat capacity of any what?
A: Solid element.
Lithium has a specific heat capacity of 3.58 kilojoules per
kilogram-Kelvin, the highest of what?
A: All solids.
Lithium metal is often used in what?
A: Coolants for heat transfer applications.
Lithium reacts with water easily, but with noticeably less
A: Energy than other alkali metals do.
The reaction forms hydrogen gas and what in aqueous
A: Lithium hydroxide.
When placed over a flame, lithium compounds give off what?
A: A striking crimson color.
When lithium burns strongly the flame becomes what?
A: A brilliant silver.
Lithium will ignite and burn in oxygen when exposed to
A: Water or water vapors.
Lithium fires are difficult to extinguish, requiring what?
A: Dry powder fire extinguishers (Class D type).
Lithium is the only metal which reacts with what, under
Lithium is about as common as "what" in the Earth's upper
continental crust, on a per-atom basis?
Lithium is the 25th most abundant what?
Nearly all vertebrate tissue and body fluids have been found to contain lithium ranging from 21 to 763 ppb.
Marine organisms tend to bioaccumulate lithium more than
A: Terrestrial ones.