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Plastic Surgery Trivia Quiz Questions With Answers

Trivia quiz questions with answers about plastic surgery

 

Plastic Surgery Trivia Quiz Questions With Answers

What is plastic surgery?
A: Plastic surgery is a surgical specialty involving the restoration, reconstruction, or alteration of the human body.

It can be divided into how many categories?
A: Two, reconstructive surgery and cosmetic or aesthetic surgery.

Reconstructive surgery aims to do what?
A: Reconstruct a part of the body or improve its functioning.

What is cosmetic surgery for?
A: For improving the appearance.

Both of these techniques are used where?
A: Throughout the world.

Treatments for the plastic repair of a broken nose are first mentioned in what?
A: The Edwin Smith Papyrus, a transcription of an Ancient Egyptian medical text, one of the oldest known surgical treatises, dated to the Old Kingdom from 3000 to 2500 BC.

Reconstructive surgery techniques were being carried out in India by when?
A: 800 BC.

 
Sushruta was a physician who made important contributions to what?
A: The field of plastic and cataract surgery in 6th century BC.

The medical works of both Sushruta and Charaka, originally in Sanskrit, were translated into what language during the Abbasid Caliphate in 750 AD?
A: Arabic.

The Arabic translations made their way to where?
A: Into Europe via intermediaries.

In Italy, the Branca family of Sicily and Gaspare Tagliacozzi (Bologna) became familiar with what?
A: The techniques of Sushruta.

British physicians traveled to India to see what?
A: Rhinoplasties being performed by Indian methods.

Reports on Indian rhinoplasty performed by a Kumhar Vaidya were published where?
A: In the Gentleman's Magazine by 1794.

Joseph Constantine Carpue spent 20 years in India studying what?
A: Local plastic surgery methods.

 
Carpue was able to perform the first major surgery in the Western world in what year?
A: The year of 1815.

When did the Roman scholar Aulus Cornelius Celsus record surgical techniques, including plastic surgery?
A: In the first century AD.

The Romans also performed plastic what?
A: Cosmetic surgery.

The Romans were able to perform simple techniques, such as repairing damaged ears, from around when?
A: The 1st century BC.

For religious reasons, they did not do what?
A: Dissect either human beings or animals, thus their knowledge was based in its entirety on the texts of their Greek predecessors.

Notwithstanding, Aulus Cornelius Celsus left some surprisingly accurate what?
A: Anatomical descriptions, some of which, for instance, his studies on the genitalia and the skeleton, are of special interest to plastic surgery.

In mid-15th-century Europe, Heinrich von Pfolspeundt described a process "to make a new nose for one who lacks it entirely, and the dogs have devoured it" by doing what?
A: Removing skin from the back of the arm and suturing it in place.

 
Up until the use of anesthesia became established, surgeries involving healthy tissues involved what?
A: Great pain.

Infection from surgery was reduced by the introduction of what?
A: Sterile techniques and disinfectants.

The invention and use of antibiotics, beginning with sulfonamide and penicillin, was another step in making what possible?
A: Elective surgery.

In 1793, Fran├žois Chopart performed operative procedure on a what?
A: A lip using a flap from the neck.

In 1814, Joseph Carpue successfully performed operative procedure on a British military officer who had what?
A: Lost his nose to the toxic effects of mercury treatments.

In 1818, German surgeon Carl Ferdinand von Graefe published what?
A: His major work entitled Rhinoplastik.

Von Graefe modified the Italian method using a free skin graft from the arm instead of what?
A: The original delayed pedicle flap.

 
Who was the first American plastic surgeon?
A: John Peter Mettauer, who, in 1827, performed the first cleft palate operation with instruments that he designed himself.

In 1845, Johann Friedrich Dieffenbach wrote a comprehensive text on what?
A: Rhinoplasty, titled Operative Chirurgie, and introduced the concept of reoperation to improve the cosmetic appearance of the reconstructed nose.

In 1891, American otorhinolaryngologist John Roe presented an example of his work: a young woman on whom he did what?
A: Reduced a dorsal nasal hump for cosmetic indications.

In 1892, Robert Weir experimented unsuccessfully with what?
A: Xenografts (duck sternum) in the reconstruction of sunken noses.

In 1896, James Israel, a urological surgeon from Germany, and in 1889 George Monks of the United States each described the successful use of what?
A: Heterogeneous free-bone grafting to reconstruct saddle nose defects.

In 1898, Jacques Joseph, the German orthopaedic-trained surgeon, published his first what?
A: Account of reduction rhinoplasty.

The father of modern plastic surgery is generally considered to have been whom?
A: Sir Harold Gillies.

 
A New Zealand otolaryngologist working in London, he developed many of the techniques of modern what?
A: Facial surgery in caring for soldiers suffering from disfiguring facial injuries during the First World War.

During World War I he worked as a what?
A: A medical minder with the Royal Army Medical Corps.

After working with the renowned French oral and maxillofacial surgeon Hippolyte Morestin on skin graft, he persuaded the army's chief surgeon, Arbuthnot-Lane, to do what?
A: To establish a facial injury ward at the Cambridge Military Hospital, Aldershot, later upgraded to a new hospital for facial repairs at Sidcup in 1917.

There Gillies and his colleagues developed many techniques of plastic surgery, performing how many operations?
A: More than 11,000 operations were performed on more than 5,000 men (mostly soldiers with facial injuries, usually from gunshot wounds).

In 1930 who joined the practice and became committed to plastic surgery?
A: Gillies' cousin, Archibald McIndoe.

When World War II broke out, plastic surgery provision was largely divided between the different services of the armed forces, and Gillies and his team were what?
A: Split up.

Gillies himself was sent to Rooksdown House near Basingstoke, which became what?
A: The principal army plastic surgery unit.

 
McIndoe, consultant to the RAF, moved to the recently rebuilt Queen Victoria Hospital in East Grinstead, Sussex, and founded what?
A: A Centre for Plastic and Jaw Surgery.

There, he treated what?
A: Very deep burn, and serious facial disfigurement, such as loss of eyelids, typical of those caused to aircrew by burning fuel.

McIndoe is often recognized for not only developing new techniques for treating badly burned faces and hands but also for recognizing the importance of what?
A: The rehabilitation of the casualties and particularly of social reintegration back into normal life.

He disposed of the "convalescent uniforms" and let the patients use what?
A: Their service uniforms instead.

With the help of two friends, Neville and Elaine Blond, he also convinced the locals to do what?
A: Support the patients and invite them to their homes.

Burn surgery generally takes place in what two phases?
A: Acute burn surgery is the treatment immediately after a burn, and reconstructive burn surgery takes place after the burn wounds have healed.

Craniofacial surgery is divided into what?
A: Pediatric and adult craniofacial surgery.

According to the annual plastic surgery procedural statistics, there were how many surgical and minimally-invasive cosmetic procedures performed in the United States in 2015?
A: 15.9 million, a 2 percent increase over 2014."