What is poker?
A: Poker is a family of
card games that combines
gambling, strategy, and skill.
All poker variants involve betting as a what?
A: An intrinsic part of play, and determine the winner of each hand according to the combinations of players' cards, at least some of which remain hidden until the end of the hand.
In most modern poker games the first round of betting begins with what?
A: One or more of the players making some form of a forced bet (the blind or ante).
In standard poker, each player bets according to the rank they believe their hand is worth as compared to what?
A: The other players.
The action then proceeds clockwise as each player in turn must do what?
A: Either match (or "call") the maximum previous bet, or fold, losing the amount bet so far and all further involvement in the hand.
A player who matches a bet may also do what?
A: "Raise" (increase) the bet.
When does the betting round end?
A: When all players have either called the last bet or folded.
If all but one player folds on any round, the remaining player does what?
A: Collects the pot without being required to reveal their hand.
If more than one player remains in contention after the final betting round what happens?
A: A showdown takes place where the hands are revealed, and the player with the winning hand takes the pot.
With the exception of initial forced bets, money is only placed into the pot voluntarily by a player who what?
A: Either believes the bet has positive expected value or who is trying to bluff other players for various strategic reasons.
Thus, while the outcome of any particular hand significantly involves chance, the long-run expectations of the players are determined by their actions chosen on the basis of what?
A: Probability, psychology, and game theory.
Poker has increased in popularity since when?
A: The beginning of the 20th century and has gone from being primarily a recreational activity confined to small groups of enthusiasts to a widely popular activity, both for participants and spectators, including online, with many professional players and multimillion-dollar tournament prizes.
In the 1937 edition of Foster's Complete Hoyle, R. F. Foster wrote what?
A: "The game of poker, as first played in the United States, five cards to each player from a twenty-card pack, is undoubtedly the Persian game of As-Nas.
By the 1990s some gaming historians including David Parlett started to do what?
A: To challenge the notion that poker is a direct derivative of As-Nas.
Modern tournament play became popular in American casinos after what?
A: The World Series of Poker began, in
In casual play, the right to deal a hand typically rotates among the players and is marked by what?
A: A token called a dealer button (or buck).
In a casino, a house dealer handles the cards for each hand, but the button (typically a white plastic disk) is rotated clockwise among the players to indicate what?
A: A nominal dealer to determine the order of betting.
The cards are dealt which direction around the poker table, one at a time?
One or more players are usually required to make forced bets, usually what?
A: Either an ante or a blind bet (sometimes both).
The dealer shuffles the cards, the player on the chair to his or her right cuts, and the dealer deals the appropriate number of cards to the players one at a time, beginning with whom?
A: The player to his or her left.
Cards may be dealt either face-up or face-down, depending on what?
A: The variant of poker being played.
After the initial deal, the first of what may begin?
A: Several betting rounds.
Between rounds, the players' hands develop in some way, often how?
A: By being dealt additional cards or replacing cards previously dealt.
What happens at the end of each round?
A: All bets are gathered into the central pot.
At any time during a betting round, if one player bets, no opponents choose to call (match) the bet, and all opponents instead fold, what happens?
A: The hand ends immediately, the bettor is awarded the pot, no cards are required to be shown, and the next hand begins.
This is what makes “what"possible?
Bluffing is a primary feature of poker, one that distinguishes it from what?
A: From other vying games and from other games that make use of poker hand rankings.
Poker variations are played where a "high hand" or a "low hand" may be what?
A: The best desired hand.
In other words, when playing a poker variant with "low poker" the best hand is one that contains what?
A: The lowest cards (and it can get further complicated by including or not including flushes and straights etc. from "high hand poker").
Poker has many variations, all following a similar pattern of play and generally using the same what?
A: Ranking hierarchy.
In stud poker cards are dealt how?
A: In a prearranged combination of face-down and face-up rounds, or streets, with a round of betting following each.
The most popular stud variant today, seven-card stud, deals two extra cards to each player (three face-down, four face-up) from which they must do what?
A: Make the best possible 5-card hand.
In draw poker a complete hand is dealt to each player, face-down, and after betting, players are allowed to do what?
A: To attempt to change their hand (with the object of improving it) by discarding unwanted cards and being dealt new ones.
What is the most famous variation in this family?
A: Five-card draw.
Community card poker is also known as what?
A: "Flop poker", community card poker is a variation of stud poker.
Players are dealt an incomplete hand of face-down cards, and then a number of face-up community cards are dealt to the center of the table, each of which can be used how?
A: By one or more of the players to make a 5-card hand.
There are several methods for defining the structure of “what" during a hand of poker?
What are the three most common structures known as?
A: "Fixed-limit", "pot-limit", and "no-limit".
In fixed-limit poker, betting and raising must be done how?
A: By standardized amounts.
In pot-limit poker, a player may bet or raise any amount up to what?
A: The size of the pot.
When calculating the maximum raise allowed, all previous bets and calls, including the intending raiser's call, are what?
A: First added to the pot.
The raiser may then raise the previous bet by how much?
A: The full amount of the pot.
In no-limit poker, a player may wager what at any point that they are allowed to make a bet?
A: Their entire betting stack.
In all games, if a player does not have enough betting chips to fully match a bet, they may do what?
A: They may go "all-in", allowing them to show down their hand for the amount of chips they have remaining.