Coal Trivia Quiz Questions and Answers
What is coal?
A: Coal is a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock.
The extraction and use of coal causes many what?
A: Premature deaths and much illness.
Coal industry damages the environment, including by
A: Climate change as it is the largest anthropogenic source of carbon dioxide.
Coal is responsible for how much of the total fossil
As part of the worldwide energy transition many
countries have stopped using or use less coal, and the UN Secretary General
has asked governments to do what?
A: To stop building new coal plants by 2020.
What country is the largest consumer and importer of
China mines how much of the world's coal?
A: Almost half.
Jet, a compact form of lignite, sometimes polished, has
been used as what since the Upper Palaeolithic period?
A: An ornamental stone.
Sub-bituminous coal, whose properties range between
those of lignite and those of bituminous coal, is used primarily as fuel for
A: Steam-electric power generation.
Anthracite, the highest rank of coal is a harder,
glossy black coal used primarily for what?
A: Residential and commercial space heating.
The earliest recognized use of coal is from the Shenyang area
of China where by 4000 BC Neolithic inhabitants had begun doing what?
A: Carving ornaments from black lignite.
Coal from the Fushun mine in northeastern China was
used to smelt copper as early as when?
A: 1000 BC.
How did Marco Polo, the Italian who traveled to China
in the 13th century, describe coal?
A: As "black stones ... which burn like logs".
Evidence of trade in coal, dated to about AD 200, has
been found where?
A: At the Roman settlement at Heronbridge, near Chester.
What have been found in the hearths of villas and Roman
forts, particularly in Northumberland, dated to around AD 400?
A: Coal cinders.
Mineral coal came to be referred to as "seacoal" in the
13th century; the wharf where the material arrived in
London was known as Seacoal Lane, so identified in a charter of whom?
A: King Henry III granted in 1253.
The development of the Industrial Revolution led to the
large-scale use of coal, as took over from the water wheel?
A: The steam engine.
In 1700, where was five-sixths of the world's coal
A: In Britain.
What would have run out of suitable sites for what by the
1830s if coal had not been available as a source of energy?
Many homes in such areas gather this coal as a
significant, and sometimes primary, source of what?
A: Home heating fuel.
Where is scavenging sea-borne coal for heating still
A: On both the Pacific and Atlantic coasts of the U.S.
The energy density of coal, that is its heating value,
is roughly what?
A: 24 megajoules per kilogram (approximately 6.7 kilowatt-hours per kg).
For a coal power plant with a 40% efficiency, it takes
an estimated 325 kg (717 lb) of coal to power a 100 Watt light bulb for how
A: One year.
How much of the world’s energy was supplied by coal in
Coal can be converted directly into “what” by
hydrogenation or carbonization?
A: Synthetic fuels equivalent to gasoline or diesel.
Chemicals have been produced from coal since when?
A: The 1950s.
Coal to chemical processes require substantial
quantities of what?
Much coal to chemical production is in China where coal
dependent provinces such as Shanxi are struggling to control its what?
Coal burnt as a solid fuel in coal power stations to
generate electricity is called what?
A: Thermal coal.
Coal is also used to produce very high what, through
Efforts around the world to reduce the use of coal have
led some regions to switch to what?
A: Natural gas and electricity from lower carbon sources.
When coal is used for electricity generation, it is
usually pulverized and then burned in a what?
A: A furnace with a boiler.
The furnace heat converts boiler water to steam, which
is then used to do what?
A: Spin turbines which turn generators and create electricity.
In 2017 38% of the world's electricity came from coal,
the same percentage as when?
A: 30 years previously.
In 2018 global installed capacity was how much?
More accidents occur during underground mining than
A: Surface mining.
In 2017 there were 375 coal mining related deaths in
A court in Australia has cited what in ruling against a
new coal mine?
A: Climate change.
China mines almost half the world's coal, followed by
India with about how much?
A: A tenth.
Australia accounts for how much of world coal exports?
A: About a third.
In some countries new onshore wind or
already costs less than coal power from what?
A: Existing plants.
The deadly London smog was caused primarily by what?
A: The heavy use of coal.
Globally coal is estimated to cause how many premature
deaths every year, mostly in India and China?
Burning coal is a major emitter of sulfur dioxide,
which creates PM2.5 particulates, which is what?
A: The most dangerous form of air pollution.
What health issues do coal smokestack emissions cause?
A: Asthma, strokes, reduced intelligence, artery blockages, heart attacks, congestive heart failure, cardiac arrhythmias, mercury poisoning, arterial occlusion, and lung cancer.