What is Dodge?
A: Dodge is an American brand of automobile manufactured by FCA US LLC (formerly known as Chrysler Group LLC), based in Auburn Hills,
Founded as the Dodge Brothers Company machine shop by brothers Horace Elgin Dodge and John Francis Dodge in the early 1900s, Dodge was originally a what?
A: A supplier of parts and assemblies for Detroit-based automakers.
They began building complete automobiles under the "Dodge Brothers" brand in what year?
A: 1914, predating the founding of
Where was the factory located?
A: In Hamtramck, Michigan, and was called the Dodge Main factory from
1910 until its closing in January 1980.
The Dodge brothers both died in 1920, and the company was sold by their families to whom?
A: Dillon, Read & Co. in 1925 before being sold to Chrysler in
The 1973 oil crisis and its subsequent impact on the
American automobile industry led Chrysler to do what?
A: To develop the K platform of compact to midsize
cars for the 1981 model year.
The K platform and its derivatives are credited with reviving Chrysler's business in the 1980s; one such derivative became the what?
A: The Dodge Caravan.
The Dodge brand has withstood the multiple ownership changes at Chrysler from 1998 to 2009, including its short-lived merger with whom, from 1998 to 2007?
A: Daimler-Benz AG.
Horace and John Dodge founded the Dodge Brothers Company in Detroit in what year?
They quickly found work manufacturing what?
A: Precision engine and chassis components for the city's growing number of automobile firms.
Chief among these customers were what two companies?
A: Olds Motor Vehicle Company and the
Ford Motor Company.
Henry Ford selected the Dodge brothers to supply a wide range of components for his what?
A: His original Model A (1903–04) that included the complete chassis.
To finish the car, all Ford needed to do was add what?
A: The body and wheels to finish the cars.
Where was the first machine shop where the brothers worked as parts suppliers for Olds and Ford located?
A: At the Boydell Building on Beaubien Street at Lafayette.
This location was replaced by a larger facility where?
A: At Hastings Street and Monroe Avenue.
By 1910 the Dodge Main factory was built where?
A: In Hamtramck, where it remained until 1979.
When was the Dodge Brothers Motor Company established?
A: In 1913.
By 1914 John and Horace designed and debuted the first car of their own, the what?
A: The four-cylinder Dodge Model 30/35 touring car.
It was marketed as a slightly more upscale competitor to what?
A: The ubiquitous Ford Model T.
It pioneered or made standard many features later taken for granted like what?
A: All-steel body construction,
12-volt electrical system and sliding-gear transmissions.
Once the Dodge brothers produced their own car, John Dodge was once quoted as saying what?
A: "Someday, people who own a Ford are going to want an automobile".
Dodge Brothers cars were ranked at second place for U.S. sales as early as what year?
In 1916, the Dodge Brothers vehicles won acclaim for what?
A: Their durability in military service.
General "Blackjack" Pershing procured a fleet of 150 to 250 Dodge Brothers vehicles for what?
A: The Mexico campaign.
Touring cars were used as what?
A: Staff and reconnaissance vehicles.
Pershing himself used a Dodge touring car to do what?
A: To keep abreast of army columns and control their movements.
One notable instance was in May when the 6th Infantry received a reported sighting of whom?
A: Julio Cárdenas, one of Villa's most trusted subordinates.
Lt. George S. Patton led ten soldiers and two civilian guides in three Dodge Model 30 touring cars to conduct America's first what?
A: Motorized military raid at a ranch house in San Miguelito, Sonora.
During the ensuing firefight the party killed three
men, of whom one was identified as whom?
What did Patton's men tie to the hoods of the Dodges, returning to headquarters in Dublán and an excited reception from US newspapermen?
A: The bodies.
How many Dodge cars and light
trucks were used in World War I?
A: Some 12,800.
Dodge remained the United States military's primary supplier of light wheeled vehicles, until when?
A: Until the U.S. joined the Second World War.
In 1920, where did Dodge Brothers cars rank in American sales?
A: Second place.
However, the same year, tragedy struck when what happened to John Dodge?
A: He died of pneumonia in January.
His brother Horace then died of what in December of the same year?
With the loss of both founders, the Dodge Brothers Company passed into the hands of whom?
A: The brothers' widows, who promoted long-time employee Frederick Haynes to the company presidency.
During this time, the Model 30 was evolved to become the what?
A: The new Series 116 (though it retained the same basic construction and engineering features).
However, throughout the 1920s Dodge gradually lost its ranking as the what?
A: The third best-selling automobile manufacturer, slipping down to seventh in the U.S. market.
Stagnation in development was becoming apparent, however, and the public responded by what?
A: Dropping Dodge Brothers to fifth place in the industry by 1925.
That year, the Dodge Brothers company was sold by the widows to what well-known investment group?
A: Dillon, Read & Co. for no less than US$146 million (at the time, the largest cash transaction in
Dillon, Read & Co. offered non-voting stock on the market in the new Dodge Brothers, Inc., firm, and along with the sale of bonds was able to raise how much money?
A: $160 million, reaping a $14 million (net) profit.
All voting stock was retained by whom?
A: Dillon, Read.
Frederick Haynes remained as company head until who was named board chairman in November, 1926?
A: E.G. Wilmer.
Wilmer was a banker with no what?
A: Auto experience and Haynes remained as president.
Changes to the car, save for superficial things like trim levels and
colors, remained minimal until
1927, when what was introduced?
A: The new senior six-cylinder line was introduced.
The former four-cylinder line was kept on, but renamed what?
A: The Fast Four line until it was dropped in favor of two lighter six-cylinder models (the Standard Six and Victory Six) for 1928.
For 1930, Dodge took another step up by adding a new eight-cylinder line to what?
A: To replace the existing Senior six-cylinder.
This basic format of a dual line with Six and Eight models continued through what year?
A: 1933, and the cars were gradually streamlined and lengthened in step with prevailing trends of the day.
The Dodge Eight was replaced by a larger what for 1934?
A: Dodge DeLuxe Six which was dropped for 1935.
To enhance production in 1932, where did Chrysler build a factory?
A: In Los Angeles, California where Chrysler, DeSoto, Dodge and Plymouth vehicles were built until the factory closed in 1971.
Another major restyle arrived for the 25th-anniversary 1939 models, which Dodge dubbed what?
A: The Luxury Liner series.
Just after the 1942 models were introduced, Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor forced what?
A: The shutdown of Dodge's passenger car assembly lines in favor of
war production in February 1942.
1941 saw the introduction of what?
A: Fluid Drive for Dodge cars, which eliminated stalling or bucking if the clutch were released too quickly.
This feature put a fluid coupling in between the engine and the clutch, although the driver still had to what?
A: Shift gears manually.