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US Army Trivia Quiz Questions With Answers

Free long printable US Army military trivia quiz with answers about the U S Army

 

What is the United States Army?
A: The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.

As the oldest and most senior branch of the U.S. military in order of precedence, the modern U.S. Army has its roots in what?
A: The Continental Army, which was formed (14 June 1775) to fight the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783)—before the United States of America was established as a country.

After the Revolutionary War, the Congress of the Confederation created the United States Army on June 3, 1784 to replace what?
A: The disbanded Continental Army.

After the war, the Continental Army was quickly given land certificates and what?
A: Disbanded in a reflection of the republican distrust of standing armies.

However, because of continuing conflict with Native Americans, it was soon realized that it was necessary to do what?
A: To field a trained standing army.

The U.S. Army fought and won what War (1846–1848)?
A: The Mexican–American war, which was a defining event for both countries.

The U.S. victory resulted in acquisition of territory that eventually became all or parts of what states?
A: The states of California, Nevada, Utah, Colorado, Arizona, Wyoming and New Mexico.

What was the costliest war for the U.S. in terms of casualties?
A: The American Civil War.

As a uniformed military service, the U.S. Army is part of what?
A: The Department of the Army, which is one of the three military departments of the Department of Defense.

The U.S. Army is headed by a what?
A: A civilian senior appointed civil servant, the Secretary of the Army (SECARMY) and by a chief military officer, the Chief of Staff of the Army (CSA) who is also a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

It is the largest military branch, and in the fiscal year 2017, the projected end strength for the Regular Army (USA) was how many soldiers?
A: 476,000.

Following the Civil War, the U.S. Army had the mission of containing what?
A: The western tribes of Native Americans on the Indian reservations.

They set up many forts, and engaged in the last of the what?
A: The American Indian Wars.

Why did U.S. Army troops occupy several Southern states during the Reconstruction Era?
A: To protect freedmen.

The key battles of the Spanish–American War of 1898 were fought by what force?
A: The Navy.

Using mostly new volunteers, where did the U.S. Army defeat Spain in land campaigns?
A: In Cuba and played the central role in the Philippine–American War.

Starting in 1910, the army began acquiring what?
A: Fixed-wing aircraft.

The United States joined World War I as an "Associated Power" in what year?
A: 1917 on the side of Britain, France, Russia, Italy and the other Allies.

Where were U.S. troops sent?
A: To the Western Front and were involved in the last offensives that ended the war.

With the armistice in November 1918, the army decreased its what?
A: Its forces.

In 1939, estimates of the Army's strength range between 174,000 and 200,000 soldiers, smaller than that of Portugal's, which ranked it where?
A: 17th or 19th in the world in size.

General George C. Marshall became Army Chief of Staff in September 1939 and set about doing what?
A: Expanding and modernizing the Army in preparation for war.

The United States joined World War II in December 1941 after what?
A: The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.

On the European front, U.S. Army troops formed a significant portion of the forces that captured what?
A: North Africa and Sicily and later fought in Italy.

In the Pacific War, U.S. Army soldiers participated alongside the United States Marine Corps in capturing what?
A: The Pacific Islands from Japanese control.

Following the Axis surrenders in May (Germany) and August (Japan) of 1945, army troops were deployed to what countries?
A: To Japan and Germany to occupy the two defeated nations.

Two years after World War II, the Army Air Forces separated from the army to become what?
A: The United States Air Force in September 1947.

In 1948, by order of President Harry S. Truman, the army was what?
A: Desegregated.

The end of World War II set the stage for what East–West confrontation?
A: The Cold War.

With the outbreak of the Korean War, concerns over the defense of what rose?
A: Western Europe.

Two corps, V and VII, were reactivated under Seventh United States Army in 1950 and U.S. strength in Europe rose from one division to how many?
A: Four.

Hundreds of thousands of U.S. troops remained stationed in West Germany, with others in Belgium, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom, until when?
A: Until the 1990s in anticipation of a possible Soviet attack.

During the Cold War, where did U.S. troops and their allies fight communist forces?
A: In Korea and Vietnam.

The Korean War began in 1950, when the Soviets did what?
A: Walked out of a U.N. Security Council meeting, removing their possible veto.

Under a United Nations umbrella, hundreds of thousands of U.S. troops fought to prevent the takeover of South Korea by whom?
A: North Korea and later to invade the northern nation.

The Vietnam War is often regarded as a what for the U.S. Army?
A: A low point due to the use of drafted personnel, the unpopularity of the war with the U.S. public and frustrating restrictions placed on the military by U.S. political leaders.

While U.S. forces had been stationed in South Vietnam since 1959, in intelligence and advising/training roles, they were not deployed in large numbers until when?
A: In 1965, after the Gulf of Tonkin Incident.

U.S. forces effectively established and maintained control of the "traditional" battlefield, but they struggled to counter what?
A: The guerrilla hit and run tactics of the communist Viet Cong and the North Vietnamese Army.

During the 1960s, the Department of Defense continued to scrutinize the reserve forces and to question the number of what?
A: Divisions and brigades as well as the redundancy of maintaining two reserve components, the Army National Guard and the Army Reserve.

The 1980s was mostly a decade of what?
A: Reorganization.

The army converted to a what?
A: An all-volunteer force with greater emphasis on training and technology.

By 1989 Germany was nearing reunification and the Cold War was what?
A: Coming to a close.

Army leadership reacted by doing what?
A: Starting to plan for a reduction in strength.

By November 1989 Pentagon briefers were laying out plans to reduce army end strength by 23%, from 750,000 to how many?
A: 580,000.

In 1990, Iraq invaded its smaller neighbor, Kuwait, and U.S. land forces quickly deployed to assure the protection of whom?
A: Saudi Arabia.

After Operation Desert Storm, the army did not see major combat operations for the remainder of the 1990s but did participate in what?
A: A number of peacekeeping activities.

The U.S. Army led the combined U.S. and allied invasion of what country in 2003?
A: Iraq.

It served as the primary source for ground forces with its ability to do what?
A: Sustain short and long-term deployment operations.

How many insurgents were killed in Iraq between 2003–2011?
A: 23,813.