Mesopotamia Trivia Quiz Questions With Answers
Interesting trivia quiz about ancient Mesopotamia.
Mesopotamia Trivia Quiz Questions With Answers
What is Mesopotamia?
A: Mesopotamia is a historical region in Western Asia situated within the Tigris–Euphrates
The Sumerians and Akkadians dominated Mesopotamia from the beginning of written history (c. 3100 BC) to when?
A: The fall of Babylon in 539 BC, when it was conquered by the Achaemenid Empire.
It fell to whom in 332 BC?
A: Alexander the Great.
After his death, it became part of what?
A: The Greek Seleucid Empire.
Around 150 BC, Mesopotamia was under the control of what empire?
A: The Parthian Empire.
Mesopotamia became a battleground between whom?
A: The Romans and Parthians.
In AD 226, the eastern regions of Mesopotamia fell to whom?
A: The Sassanid Persians.
Mesopotamia is the site of the earliest developments of what?
A: The Neolithic Revolution
from around 10,000 BC.
Mesopotamia encompasses the land between the Euphrates and Tigris
, both of which have their headwaters where?
A: In the Taurus Mountains.
Both rivers are fed by numerous tributaries, and the entire river system drains what?
A: A vast mountainous region.
Why do overland routes in Mesopotamia usually follow the Euphrates?
A: Because the banks of the Tigris are frequently steep and difficult.
The area is generally lacking in what?
A: Building stone, precious metals and timber.
The demands for labor has from
to time led to population increases that push the limits of what?
A: The ecological carrying capacity.
vulnerability to invasion from marginal hill tribes or nomadic pastoralists has led to periods of what?
A: Trade collapse and neglect of irrigation systems.
The pre-history of the Ancient Near East begins in what period?
A: The Lower Paleolithic period.
In the long span of this period, Mesopotamia housed some of the
s most ancient what?
A: Highly-developed and socially complex states.
The earliest language written in Mesopotamia was what?
Along with Sumerian, what other languages were also spoken in early Mesopotamia?
Akkadian came to be the dominant language during the Akkadian Empire and the Assyrian empires, but what language was retained for administrative,
and scientific purposes?
Different varieties of Akkadian were used until the end of what period?
A: The Neo-Babylonian period.
Akkadian fell into disuse, but both it and Sumerian were still used where?
A: In temples for some centuries.
The last Akkadian texts date from when?
A: The late 1st century AD.
Early in Mesopotamia's history, what was invented
for the Sumerian language?
Cuneiform literally means what?
A: Wedge-shaped, due to the triangular tip of the stylus used for impressing signs on wet clay.
The standardized form of each cuneiform sign appears to have been developed from what?
Akkadian gradually replaced what as the spoken language of Mesopotamia?
Sumerian continued to be used as a what, until the 1st century AD in Mesopotamia?
A: Sacred, ceremonial, literary, and scientific language.
was based on what?
A: A sexagesimal (base 60) numeric system.
This is the source of what?
A: The 60-minute hour, the 24-hour day, and the 360-degree circle.
The Sumerian calendar was based on what?
A: The seven-day week.
This form of mathematics was instrumental in early what?
The Babylonians also had theorems on how to do what?
A: Measure the area of several shapes and solids.
From Sumerian times, temple priesthoods had attempted to associate current events with certain what?
A: Positions of the planets and stars.
The Babylonian astronomers were very adept at mathematics and could predict what?
A: Eclipses and solstices.
Mesopotamian astronomers worked out a 12-month calendar based on what?
A: The cycles of the moon
They divided the year into how many seasons?
A: Two seasons: summer
When do the oldest Babylonian texts on medicine
date back to?
A: The Old Babylonian period in the first half of the 2nd millennium BC.
Along with contemporary Egyptian
medicine, the Babylonians introduced what concepts?
A: Diagnosis, prognosis, physical examination, and prescriptions.
The symptoms and diseases
of a patient were treated through therapeutic means such as what?
A: Bandages, creams and pills.
If a patient could not be cured physically, the Babylonian physicians often relied on what, to cleanse the patient from any curses?
They were one of the first “what”, in the world?
A: Bronze Age societies.
Palaces were decorated with hundreds of kilograms of what?
A: Copper, bronze, and gold
Also, copper, bronze, and iron were used for armor as well as for what?
A: Different weapons such as swords, daggers, spears, and maces.
During the Parthian or Sasanian periods, what was invented?
A: The Baghdad Battery
, which may have been the world's first battery.